International Journal of Nursing Research. 2020; 2: (4) ; 10.12208/j.ijnr.20200163.
目的 研究产妇早期急性乳腺炎运用综合护理干预的临床效果。方法 参与此次研究的患者共计104例，主要选取的是我院2019年2月~2019年7月期间收治的早期急性乳腺炎患者，需要研究人员将该部分患者按照数表法分为对照组（52例）与观察组（52例），对照组早期急性乳腺炎患者需要运用常规护理方法，而观察组早期急性乳腺炎患者需要采用综合护理干预，研究期间需要护理人员做好记录工作，对比两组患者治疗有效率、乳房疼痛评分、住院时间、护理满意度以及住院费用等。结果 观察组早期急性乳腺炎患者在运用综合护理干预后其乳房疼痛评分为（3.78±0.65）分，而对照组运用常规护理措施的早期急性乳腺炎患者乳房疼痛评分为（6.21±1.25）分，观察组评分优于对照组，数据对比存在差异，具有实际统计意义（P＜0.05）。除此之外，观察组急性乳腺炎患者治疗有效率为94.56%,相较于对照组急性乳腺炎患者治疗有效率高78.69%,数据对比存在差异，具有实际统计意义（P＜0.05）。结论 针对早期急性乳腺炎患者运用综合护理干预可以有效缓解乳房疼痛症状，提升总体治疗效果，对疾病恢复具有积极作用，具有较高的临床推广价值。
Objective: To study the clinical effect of comprehensive nursing intervention in early acute maternal mastitis. Methods: A total of 104 patients participated in this study. The main selection was early acute mastitis patients admitted in our hospital from February 2019 to July 2019. Researchers are required to divide these patients into control groups according to the table method Group (52 cases) and observation group (52 cases), patients with early acute mastitis in the control group needed to use conventional nursing methods, and patients with early acute mastitis in the observation group needed comprehensive nursing intervention. Nursing staff needed to keep records during the study period. The treatment efficiency, breast pain score, hospital stay, nursing satisfaction, and hospitalization costs were compared between the two groups. Results: The breast pain score of patients with early acute mastitis in the observation group after comprehensive nursing intervention was (3.78 ± 0.65) points, while the breast pain score of patients with early acute mastitis in the control group using routine nursing measures was (6.21 ± 1.25) points. The score of the observation group was better than that of the control group. There was a difference in data comparison, which had practical statistical significance (P <0.05). In addition, the effective rate of treatment of patients with acute mastitis in the observation group was 94.56%, which was 78.69% higher than that of patients with acute mastitis in the control group. There was a difference in data comparison, which has practical statistical significance (P <0.05). Conclusion : Comprehensive nursing intervention for patients with early acute mastitis can effectively alleviate breast pain symptoms, improve the overall treatment effect, have a positive effect on disease recovery, and have high clinical promotion value.