International Journal of Nursing Research. 2020; 2: (4) ; 10.12208/j.ijnr.20200164.
云南省第一人民医院 昆明理工大学附属医院感染性疾病科及肝病科 云南昆明
*通讯作者：康杰，单位：云南省第一人民医院 昆明理工大学附属医院感染性疾病科及肝病科 云南昆明；
目的 对感染性疾病科常见护理风险因素及防范措施进行研究，以期能够为感染性疾病科开展后续工作提供一些参考。方法 本次实验共计抽取本院2018年4月-2020年4月期间就诊的86例感染性疾病科患者，通过掷硬币的方法将所选86例患者分为甲组及乙组，两组患者人数一致，以43例患者为一组。在实验过程中甲组患者接受常规护理方案，在充分分析护理风险因素的基础上对乙组患者进行针对性护理，对两组患者护理风险事件出现情况、患者满意情况进行统计和分析。结果 与甲组患者相比，甲组共计出现9例护理风险事件，乙组共计出现3例护理风险事件，甲乙两组护理风险事件出现几率分别为20.93%及6.98%，乙组患者护理风险事件出现几率较低，甲乙两组患者护理风险事件出现几率方面表现出较大差异，数据呈现统计学意义（p＜0.05）；相比甲组患者，乙组患者满意度较高，甲组患者护理满意度为86.05%，乙组患者护理满意度为97.67%，甲乙两组患者护理满意度方面表现出较大差异，数据呈现统计学意义（p＜0.05）。结论 感染性疾病科常见护理风险因素主要包括护理人员防范意识淡薄、护理人员专业能力有待提升、相关规章制度不完善等。相比常规护理，针对性护理在感染性疾病科护理风险防范中效果更好，其能够在一定程度上减少护理风险事件的出现，促进患者满意度的提升。
Objective: To study the common nursing risk factors and preventive measures of infectious diseases department, in order to provide some reference for the follow-up work of infectious diseases department. Methods: A total of 86 patients with infectious diseases from April 2018 to April 2020 in our hospital were selected in this experiment, and the selected 86 patients were divided into group A and group B by coin flipping. The number of patients is the same, with 43 patients as a group. During the experiment, the patients in group A received conventional nursing programs, and the patients in group B were given targeted care based on the analysis of the nursing risk factors. The occurrence of nursing risk events and the satisfaction of patients in the two groups were statistically analyzed. Results: Compared with the patients in group A, there were 9 nursing risk events in group A, and 3 nursing risk events in group B. The probability of nursing risk events in groups A and B was 20.93% and 6.98% respectively. The probability of occurrence of the event is low, and there is a large difference in the probability of occurrence of nursing risk events between the two groups of patients. The data are statistically significant (p <0.05); Nursing satisfaction was 86.05%, patients in group B were 97.67%, patients in groups A and B showed significant differences in nursing satisfaction, and the data showed statistical significance (p <0.05). Conclusion : The common nursing risk factors of infectious diseases department mainly include the weak prevention awareness of nursing staff, the professional ability of nursing staff needs to be improved, and the relevant rules and regulations are not perfect. Compared with conventional nursing, targeted nursing has a better effect in the prevention of nursing risk in infectious diseases department. It can reduce the occurrence of nursing risk events to a certain extent and promote the improvement of patient satisfaction.