International Journal of Nursing Research. 2020; 2: (4) ; 10.12208/j.ijnr.20200165.
目的 研究静脉留置针在小儿护理中的应用效果。方法 选取82例儿科患者为研究对象，患者均在头皮、四肢进行静脉输液，抽取时间段介于2019年7月到2020年3月期间，符合本次研究标准。采用分组式结果分析，对照组（n=41例）患者运用头皮针穿刺，观察组（n=41例）患者运用静脉留置针，研究期间需要护理人员做好记录工作，重点记录患者护理满意度、堵管、静脉炎、肿胀并发症。结果 观察组患者运用静脉留置针后，护理满意度为95.12%，非常满意患者占比为68.29%，一般满意患者占比为26.83%，不满意患者占比为4.88%；对照组患者采用常规头皮针，护理满意度为73.13%，非常满意患者占比为39.02%，一般满意患者占比为34.15%，不满意患者占比为26.83%，观察组患者满意度高于对照组，两组研究数据差异度高（P＜0.05）。结论 儿科患者运用静脉留置针，可以有效提高护理满意度，降低患者堵管、静脉炎、肿胀并发症发生率，对其疾病恢复具有积极意义，可在临床推广运用。
Objective: To study the effect of intravenous indwelling needle in the nursing of children. Methods: Eighty-two pediatric patients were selected as research subjects. All patients received intravenous infusion on the scalp and extremities. The extraction period was from July 2019 to March 2020, which met the criteria of this study. Using grouped results analysis, patients in the control group (n = 41 cases) were punctured with scalp needles, and patients in the observation group (n = 41) were treated with venous indwelling needles. During the study period, nurses needed to do a good job of recording, focusing on recording patient satisfaction with nursing, complications of tube blocking, phlebitis, swelling. Results: After using intravenous indwelling needles in the observation group, nursing satisfaction was 95.12%, very satisfied patients accounted for 68.29%, generally satisfied patients accounted for 26.83%, and dissatisfied patients accounted for 4.88%; the control group used routine scalp acupuncture, nursing satisfaction was 73.13%, very satisfied patients accounted for 39.02%, generally satisfied patients accounted for 34.15%, unsatisfied patients accounted for 26.83%, observation group satisfaction was higher than control group. The data of the two groups of studies has a high degree of difference (P <0.05). Conclusion : The use of venous indwelling needles in pediatric patients can effectively improve nursing satisfaction, reduce the incidence of complications such as tube obstruction, phlebitis, and swelling. It has a positive significance for the recovery of the disease and can be used clinically.